Mental retardation is best described as a condition which results in the underdevelopment of the mind. It results in impaired skills that are essential for the normal development of intelligence. From birth to 18 years of age, a human being can be affected by this condition.
Below average performance and impaired communication skills are indications of mental retardation in a child. This condition also affects the child’s ability to self-care, social skills and inability to perform other normal daily activities.
Although conventional treatment has not shown any significant success, mental retardation treatment using stem cell therapy is gaining momentum due to its remarkable success in improving the impaired skills of the patients.
Stages of mental retardation
Mental retardation is categorized according to the extent of its effect on the child’s intelligence and social skills.
Take a look at the levels of mental retardation:
Mild mental retardation
This level of mental retardation usually results in an IQ (intelligence quotient) ranging between 50 and 69. The patient takes longer to learn how to walk, but his/her communication skills are normal. Reading and writing may pose a challenge, whereas self-caring abilities, in such patients, are not affected.
Moderate mental retardation
This level of mental retardation results in the IQ being between 35 and 49. The child may be slow in comprehending and using language normally. The patients may have limited communication skills, whereas reading, writing and counting skills are not much affected.
Severe mental retardation
This results in the IQ being in the range of 20 to 34. There is a significant impairment in motor skills. The central nervous system is also severely damaged or show abnormal development.
Profound mental retardation
This level of mental retardation usually has an IQ less than 20. The child is unable to understand and comply with the requests and instructions. There is significant immobility. Although the child may be able to use the basic non-verbal communication skill, they are unable to take care of themselves and are extremely dependent on others.
NeuroGen stem cell therapy for mental retardation
Although a large number of inabilities (mostly physical) is regained to some extent using conventional (pharmacological) treatment methods, mental retardation treatment using stem cells has shown immense and remarkable results. This treatment addresses the specific aspects of the child’s life which are affected, by education, behaviour, psychodynamics and family orientation.
NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute’s stem cell therapy for mental retardation has shown remarkable improvement in other aspects of the patient’s behaviour.